Pop!_OS GDM Background changer


There will always be a workaround when working with Linux. Things just don’t stay static and the idea of a walled garden for users isn’t much of an impediment to adaptation. As a Pop!_OS user, I’ve come to know the brown of the GDM login screen as a de-facto part of the OS. It’s okay and not awful, but it isn’t the most appealing color and doesn’t allow for choice.

Imagine my happiness to find a script out on github which promised to reset the GDM theme (image, color or gradient) on Github thanks to the team at UbuntuHandbook who delivered the news about this fine script from Pratak Kumar. Of course, the author went to pains to point out that the script only supported Ubuntu, and the script tested for that condition.

Unlike a lot of folks, I prefer to verify that scripts have only the intended outcome and use my Crash Test VM for all such scripting as I work my way through any modification when I find something interesting that can provide some joy. I never recommend running scripts without a sheep dip or crash test machine. Same holds for anything modifying kernels or untrusted sources.

However, a script can be torn down and reviewed, simply because you can read the source and alter as needed. If you aren’t aware of what a script does, don’t use it. Seriously.

Below is my modified script to set the GDM Background for Pop!_OS 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish. I modified the script and tested it out and it works well for me.

What not to expect: This will not change the background on the drive encryption screen. I wouldn’t even begin to want that to happen.

What to expect: This will allow you to change the default GDM login screen to something of your choosing. If using a background image, I suggest a hard-coded path to a locally stored image to ensure that nothing goes wrong. Relative paths or remote images do not work and may cause a broken login screen.

The script must be run with sudo privileges (you don’t run anything as root, right?) and you should read through it thoroughly to understand the options and recovery procedure. The main difference here is that you are calling the script pop-gdm-set-background NOT ubuntu-gdm-set-background and I have only written this for Pop!_OS 22.04, but you can expand it to include other releases if you wish.

So, without further ado, I give you pop-gdm-set-background:

#!/bin/bash

#Based off the work of Pratak Kumar for Ubuntu, but adapted specifically for Pop!_OS 22.04 Jammy

# Colors
Red='\e[0;31m';     
BRed='\e[1;31m'; 
BIRed='\e[1;91m';
Gre='\e[0;32m';     
BGre='\e[1;32m';
BBlu='\e[1;34m';
BWhi='\e[1;37m';
RCol='\e[0m';

codename=$(cat /etc/os-release | grep UBUNTU_CODENAME | cut -d = -f 2)
osname=$(cat /etc/os-release | grep '="Pop!_OS"' | cut -d = -f 2)

if [ "$codename" == "jammy" ] && [ "$osname" == '"Pop!_OS"' ]; then
  source="/usr/share/gnome-shell/theme/Pop/gnome-shell-theme.gresource"
  GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME="gdm"

else
  echo -e "${Red}
------------------------------------------------------------------
Sorry, Script is only for Pop!_OS ${BWhi}22.04${Red} Only
Exiting...
------------------------------------------------------------------
${RCol}"
  exit 1
fi

pkg=$(dpkg -l | grep libglib2.0-dev-bin >/dev/null && echo "yes" || echo "no")
if [ "$pkg" == "no" ]; then
  echo -e "${Red}
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sorry, the package ${BWhi}'libglib2.0-dev-bin'${Red} is not installed. 
Run ${BGre}sudo apt-get install libglib2.0-dev-bin${Red} to install.
For now, Exiting...
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------${RCol}"
  exit 1
fi

dest="/usr/local/share/gnome-shell/custom-gdm"
color='#456789'

###################################################
HELP() {

  echo -e "
${BGre}pop-gdm-set-background${BGre} script (for changing Pop!_OS ${BWhi}22.04${RCol} GDM Background) HELP

there are four options
1. background with image
2. background with color
3. background with gradient horizontal ( requires two valid hex color inputs)
4. background with gradient vertical ( requires two valid hex color inputs)

${BWhi}Tip:${RCol} be ready with valid hex color code in place of below example like #aAbBcC or #dDeEfF. Change them to your preffered hex color codes.
you may choose colors from ${BBlu}https://www.color-hex.com/${RCol}

Example Commands:

1. ${BWhi}sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --image ${BGre}/home/user/backgrounds/image.jpg${RCol}
2. ${BWhi}sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --color \#aAbBcC${RCol}
3. ${BWhi}sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient horizontal \#aAbBcC \#dDeEfF${RCol}
4. ${BWhi}sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient vertical \#aAbBcC \#dDeEfF${RCol}
5. ${BWhi}sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --reset${RCol}
6. ./pop-gdm-set-background --help

RESCUE_MODE, Example Commands:

1. ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --image ${BGre}/home/user/backgrounds/image.jpg ${BWhi}rescue${RCol}
2. ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --color \#aAbBcC rescue ${RCol}
3. ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient horizontal \#aAbBcC \#dDeEfF rescue${RCol}
4. ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient vertical \#aAbBcC \#dDeEfF rescue${RCol}

${BWhi}Why RESCUE_MODE?${RCol}
It is when you try to change the background with some other scripts and then interacted with this script,
there will be some conflicts. In case you ran other scripts to change the background and then tried this script,
found conflicts? then add 'rescue' to the end of the command as mentiond above.

${BRed}Please note that for 'RESCUE_MODE' active internet connection is necessary ${RCol}
"

}
###################################################

###################################################
ROUTINE_CHECK() {
  if [ "$UID" != "0" ]; then
    echo -e "${BRed}This script must be run with sudo${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi

  cd /tmp
  if [ -d /tmp/theme/ ]; then
    rm -r /tmp/theme
  fi

  if ! [ -d $dest ]; then
    install -d $dest
  fi

}
###################################################

###################################################
RESCUE_MODE() {
  echo -e "
>>>>> Trying to ${BWhi}reinstall${RCol} the package yaru-theme-gnome-shell,
if the reinstallation of the package is succesful, background change will be done
otherwise No changes will be made <<<<<<<<<
"
  apt install --reinstall yaru-theme-gnome-shell
  if [ $? != 0 ]; then
    echo -e "${BIRed}
SCRIPT COULD NOT FINISH THE JOB, FAILURE, NO CHANGES WERE DONE.${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi
}
###################################################

###################################################
EXTRACT() {
  for r in $(gresource list $source); do
    t="${r/#\/org\/gnome\/shell\//}"
    mkdir -p $(dirname $t)
    gresource extract $source $r >$t
  done
}
###################################################

###################################################
CREATE_XML() {
  extractedFiles=$(find "theme" -type f -printf "%P\n" | xargs -i echo "    <file>{}</file>")
  cat <<EOF >"theme/custom-gdm-background.gresource.xml"
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<gresources>
  <gresource prefix="/org/gnome/shell/theme">
$extractedFiles
  </gresource>
</gresources>
EOF
}
###################################################

###################################################
SET_GRESOURCE() {
  cd $dest
  update-alternatives --quiet --install /usr/share/gnome-shell/$GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource $dest/custom-gdm-background.gresource 0
  update-alternatives --quiet --set $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource $dest/custom-gdm-background.gresource

  check=$(update-alternatives --query $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource | grep Value | grep $dest/custom-gdm-background.gresource >/dev/null && echo "pass" || echo "fail")
  if [ "$check" == "pass" ]; then
    echo -e "
😕 ${BGre}Seems 'background change is successful'${RCol}
Changes will be effective after a Reboot (${BWhi}CTRL+ALT+F1${RCol} may show the changes immediately)
If something went wrong, log on to tty and run the below command
${BWhi}$ sudo update-alternatives --quiet --set $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource /usr/share/gnome-shell/theme/Pop/gnome-shell-theme.gresource${RCol}
"
  else
    echo Failure
    exit 1
  fi
}
###################################################

############################################################################################
case "$1" in 
  --help)
    HELP
    exit 1
  ;;
  --reset)
    ROUTINE_CHECK
    if ! [ -f $dest/custom-gdm-background.gresource ]; then
      echo -e "
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
No need, Already Reset. ${Red}(or unlikely background is not set using this Script.)${RCol}
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------"
      exit 1
    elif [ "$UID" != "0" ]; then
      echo -e "${BRed}This Script must be run with sudo${RCol}"
      exit 1
    else
      rm $dest/custom-gdm-background.gresource
      update-alternatives --quiet --set $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME-theme.gresource "$source"
      cd /usr/local/share
      rmdir --ignore-fail-on-non-empty -p gnome-shell/custom-gdm
      echo -e "${Gre}
      		---------------
		  		|Reset Success|
		  		---------------
		  		Changes will be effective after a Reboot ${RCol}"
      exit 1
    fi
  ;;
  --image)
    if [ -z "$2" ]; then
      echo -e "${BRed}Image path is not provided${RCol}"
      exit 1
    fi
    if
      file "$2" | grep -qE 'image|bitmap'
    then
      ROUTINE_CHECK
    if [ "$3" == "rescue" ]; then
      RESCUE_MODE
    fi
    EXTRACT
    cd theme
    cp "$2" ./gdm-background
    mv $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css original.css
    echo '@import url("resource:///org/gnome/shell/theme/original.css");
#lockDialogGroup {
background: '$color' url("resource:///org/gnome/shell/theme/gdm-background");
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-size: cover;
background-position: center; }' >$GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css
    cd /tmp
    CREATE_XML
    cd theme
    glib-compile-resources custom-gdm-background.gresource.xml
    mv custom-gdm-background.gresource $dest

    SET_GRESOURCE

    exit 1

  else
    echo -e "${BRed}
Absolute path to image is neither provided nor is it valid.
see help with below command${BWhi}
$ ./pop-gdm-set-background --help${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi
  ;;
  --color)
    if [ -z "$2" ]; then
      echo -e "${Red}Color is not provided.
      Use ${BWhi}\$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --color #aee02a${RCol} to set ${BWhi}#aee02a${RCol} as the background color.${RCol}"
      exit 1
    fi
    if ! [[ $2 =~ ^#([A-Fa-f0-9]{6}|[A-Fa-f0-9]{3})$ ]]; then
      echo -e "${BRed}Provided color is not a valid 'HEX Color Code'${RCol}
See help with below command
${BWhi}$ ./pop-gdm-set-background --help${RCol}"
      exit 1
    fi

  ROUTINE_CHECK
  if [ "$3" == 'rescue' ]; then
    RESCUE_MODE
  fi

  EXTRACT
  cd theme
  mv $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css original.css
  echo '@import url("resource:///org/gnome/shell/theme/original.css");
#lockDialogGroup {
background-color: '$2'; }' >$GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css
  cd /tmp
  CREATE_XML
  cd theme
  glib-compile-resources custom-gdm-background.gresource.xml
  mv custom-gdm-background.gresource $dest

  SET_GRESOURCE

  exit 1
  ;;
  --gradient)
  if [ "$2" == "horizontal" ] || [ "$2" == "vertical" ]; then
    direction=$2
  else
    echo -e "${BRed}Gradient direction is not provided.${RCol}
    Use ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient horizontal \#aa03af \#afa0ee${RCol} OR
    ${BWhi}$ sudo ./pop-gdm-set-background --gradient vertical \#aa03af \#afa0ee${RCol} to set a vertical gradient.
    See ${BWhi}./pop-gdm-set-background --help for more info${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi
  if [[ -z "$3" || -z "$4" ]]; then
    echo -e "${BRed}color/colors is/are not provided${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi

  if ! [[ $3 =~ ^#([A-Fa-f0-9]{6}|[A-Fa-f0-9]{3})$ ]] || ! [[ $4 =~ ^#([A-Fa-f0-9]{6}|[A-Fa-f0-9]{3})$ ]]; then
    echo -e "${BRed}Provided color/colors is/are not a valid 'HEX Color Code'${RCol}.
See help with below command
${BWhi}$ ./pop-gdm-set-background --help${RCol}"
    exit 1
  fi

  ROUTINE_CHECK

  if [ "$5" == "rescue" ]; then
    RESCUE_MODE
  fi

  EXTRACT
  cd theme
  mv $GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css original.css
  echo '@import url("resource:///org/gnome/shell/theme/original.css");
#lockDialogGroup {
background-gradient-direction: '$direction';
background-gradient-start: '$3';
background-gradient-end: '$4'; }' >$GDM_RESOURCE_CONFIG_NAME.css
  cd /tmp
  CREATE_XML
  cd theme
  glib-compile-resources custom-gdm-background.gresource.xml
  mv custom-gdm-background.gresource $dest

  SET_GRESOURCE

  exit 1
  ;;
  *) 
    echo -e "Use the options ${BWhi}--image |--color | --gradient | --help | --reset${RCol}"
    exit 1
  ;;
esac
exit

I do hope that you find this useful if you are a fan of Pop!_OS like I am. I’m on my fourth System 76 machine and still a huge fan of System 76.

Have a nice day. Don’t worry, be happy!

1 thought on “Pop!_OS GDM Background changer

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